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Chanrattana UNG

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Trailblazer Cambodia Organization

Organization Description

Trailblazer Cambodia Organization (TCO) is a non-governmental, non-profit organization, established in August 2008 by a group of Cambodian agricultural and rural development specialists. TCO was officially registered and recognized by the Ministry of Interior in August 2008 (Number: 1002). Both staff and the management team have experience working with natural resources, education, livelihood, water sanitation and hygiene. They have skills in organizing and supporting communities in all aspects of community research and development.

 

Causes

Community representatives, Commune Council (CC) members and community people have joined with TCO to update understanding of the situations for those living in the targeted areas. A number of areas were identified and discussed. The following six areas were prioritised: agriculture production/food security; non-agricultural income generation; marketing systems; health conditions; social awareness and social links; and environment/natural resource management.

Details on the assessments in the areas of livelihood and environment/natural resource management are given below. Agriculture Production / Food Security: Agriculture cultivation is the main activity of the farmers but currently they still do not produce enough crops to support their own family. Most families have the skills and the means to grow only one crop per year (rice). Water resources are very limited due to poor conditions of the irrigation systems. Farmers have only one option, to depend on water during the rainy season, thus limiting their agriculture cultivation to one season. Livestock production is also low due to farmer’s lack of skills and means to improve yield.

Food shortages of the poorest families range from four to six months of the year. Limited awareness and capacity among villagers and their leaders on emergency preparedness leave them vulnerable to lose their assets during times of drought and floods. Farmer’s limited access to good quality seeds also factor of low production yield. Many seeds are imported without quality control, so farmers may unknowingly purchase seeds that are spoiled or expired. There is very limited engagement with seed quality control issues amongst relevant institutions. Environment / Natural Resources Management: Community members have very limited knowledge etails on the assessments in the areas of livelihood and environment/natural resource management are given below. Agriculture Production / Food Security: Agriculture cultivation is the main activity of the farmers but currently they still do not produce enough crops to support their own family. Most families have the skills and the means to grow only one crop per year (rice). Water resources are very limited due to poor conditions of the irrigation systems. Farmers have only one option, to depend on water during the rainy season, thus limiting their agriculture cultivation to one season. Livestock production is also low due to farmer’s lack of skills and means to improve yield. Food shortages of the poorest families range from four to six months of the year. Limited awareness and capacity among villagers and their leaders on emergency preparedness leave them vulnerable to lose their assets during times of drought and floods. Farmer’s limited access to good quality seeds also factor of low production yield. Many seeds are imported without quality control, so farmers may unknowingly purchase seeds that are spoiled or expired. There is very limited engagement with seed quality control issues amongst relevant institutions. Environment / Natural Resources Management: Community members have very limited knowledge

Environment / Natural Resources Management: Community members have very limited knowledge about the environmental factors and sustainable natural resources management. There is a lack of awareness about good practices to take quality care of the environment. For many villagers their daily income is generated from cutting timbers, making charcoal, and cutting trees for firewood; thus depleting the forests of its resources. At the same time there is an increased use of poisons and other types of traps for protected wildlife. Improper use of fertilizers and pesticides is leading to poor soil conditions and increasing the risk of people to becoming infected by these chemicals. Fishing and hunting is restricted by law during some months of the season but these restrictions are poorly enforced.

The following six areas were prioritised: agriculture production/food security; non-agricultural income generation; marketing systems; health conditions; social awareness and social links; and environment/natural resource management. Details on the assessments in the areas of livelihood and environment/natural resource management are given below. Agriculture Production / Food Security: Agriculture cultivation is the main activity of the farmers but currently they still do not produce enough crops to support their own family. Most families have the skills and the means to grow only one crop per year (rice). Water resources are very limited due to poor conditions of the irrigation systems. Farmers have only one option, to depend on water during the rainy season, thus limiting their agriculture cultivation to one season. Livestock production is also low due to farmer’s lack of skills and means to improve yield. Food shortages of the poorest families range from four to six months of the year. Limited awareness and capacity among villagers and their leaders on emergency preparedness leave them vulnerable to lose their assets during times of drought and floods. Farmer’s limited access to good quality seeds also factor of low production yield. Many seeds are imported without quality control, so farmers may unknowingly purchase seeds that are spoiled or expired. There is very limited engagement with seed quality control issues amongst relevant institutions.

Environment / Natural Resources Management: Community members have very limited knowledge about the environmental factors and sustainable natural resources management. There is a lack of awareness about good practices to take quality care of the environment. For many villagers their daily income is generated from cutting timbers, making charcoal, and cutting trees for firewood; thus depleting the forests of its resources. At the same time there is an increased use of poisons and other types of traps for protected wildlife. Improper use of fertilizers and pesticides is leading to poor soil conditions and increasing the risk of people to becoming infected by these chemicals. Fishing and hunting is restricted by law during some months of the season but these restrictions are poorly enforced.

Skills Needed

Approaches to augment productivity vary from the relatively inexpensive imposition of seasonally protected areas to restrictions on fishing at certain times of the year; to the more costly application of fish attracting in ‘brush parks’; and the more expensive modifications of the wetland and rice field areas by excavation and/or embankment construction, stocking of fry and possibly fertilization of the water area. There has been successful research and development work done in the region and the current interest and momentum of the national government led by FiA is poised to support and increase rice field fishery production. Capacity Building: Various approaches will be used such as technical support, training and encouraging participatory decision making. Communities will be invited to conduct livelihood situation analyses in their villages to identify terms of contribution from rice fields for a fisheries investigation. Communities will receive encouragement to form links with CCs and government institutions in order to receive skills training and empowered roles within CFRs research and development. Participation in the Local Planning Process (LPP): Commune Council and CFR committees will be encouraged and supported in the LPP process in order to ensure that their priorities are incorporated into the Commune Investment Plan (CIP). This approach can help empower the communities and ensure sustainability. Improved Access to Quality Seeds Farmers will increase yields and improve harvests when they have better access to good quality seeds. In addition to receiving training on how to select good seeds, farmers will join in discussion on how to improve access to quality seeds for each commune. Action plans that are feasible and sustainable and have commitment and agreement with farmers will be supported. This will lead to a dependable supply of quality seeds established in target communes in order to improve farmer’s access to good seeds. Farmers who are interested will be able to receive trainings in order to increase their knowledge on producing and storing good quality seeds. Marketing Network.

The lack of market information and communication between wholesalers, farmer producers and consumers discourage farmers to diversify or rotate their crop production. Solving some basic marketing issues will be a strategy aimed at improving interaction between villagers and the local markets to speed up flow of villager’s products to the markets. Communities will receive support from CC partners and TCO to strengthen their links with local markets. Three families per commune will be selected by communities and gain skills that will benefit their communities with increased communication and exchange with wholesalers, buyers, etc. They will improve their abilities in gathering relevant price and market information, setting up agreements between target group communities and local restaurants, food shops, and market stalls. They will improve their skills on planning and logistics in order to ensure most effective flow of products at prices most beneficial to target group’s members. An advertising and awareness raising component about farmer’s products will be included in this main activity. This will be done through conducting exhibitions and trade fairs. For communes and districts who show interest and commitment these promotions will be supported and strengthened. Provincial level stakeholders will be encouraged to join and provide support to this activity. These exhibitions will open the way to farmers to explore more marketing places for the communities. Community members, private sector, and actors at provincial level will become more aware of the local agricultural productions. They will have opportunities to coordinate efforts for promoting products of target group members. Exhibitions will be organized two times per year. For the short-term, communities will receive close support for conducting these market fairs but as farmer groups, partner CCs and market networks gain more skills and confidence this support will be decreased. Food Processing In the rural areas there are a lot of raw products that can be processed into processed foods. Most of these processing products such as chilli sauces, soybean sauces, tomato sauce, salted Chinese radish, dried fish, smoked fish etc. but the fruit juice are mostly importing from outside, therefore we plan to establish in two steps First step: Purchasing fruit for testing for 6 months to find out the possibility how to produce

They will improve their abilities in gathering relevant price and market information, setting up agreements between target group communities and local restaurants, food shops, and market stalls. They will improve their skills on planning and logistics in order to ensure most effective flow of products at prices most beneficial to target group’s members. An advertising and awareness raising component about farmer’s products will be included in this main activity. This will be done through conducting exhibitions and trade fairs. For communes and districts who show interest and commitment these promotions will be supported and strengthened. Provincial level stakeholders will be encouraged to join and provide support to this activity. These exhibitions will open the way to farmers to explore more marketing places for the communities. Community members, private sector, and actors at provincial level will become more aware of the local agricultural productions. They will have opportunities to coordinate efforts for promoting products of target group members. Exhibitions will be organized two times per year. For the short-term, communities will receive close support for conducting these market fairs but as farmer groups, partner CCs and market networks gain more skills and confidence this support will be decreased. Food Processing In the rural areas there are a lot of raw products that can be processed into processed foods. Most of these processing products such as chilli sauces, soybean sauces, tomato sauce, salted Chinese radish, dried fish, smoked fish etc. but the fruit juice

Exhibitions will be organized two times per year. For the short-term, communities will receive close support for conducting these market fairs but as farmer groups, partner CCs and market networks gain more skills and confidence this support will be decreased. Food Processing In the rural areas there are a lot of raw products that can be processed into processed foods. Most of these processing products such as chilli sauces, soybean sauces, tomato sauce, salted Chinese radish, dried fish, smoked fish etc. but the fruit juice are mostly importing from outside, therefore we plan to establish in two steps First step: Purchasing fruit for testing for 6 months to find out the possibility how to produce

The lack of market information and communication between wholesalers, farmer producers and consumers discourage farmers to diversify or rotate their crop production. Solving some basic marketing issues will be a strategy aimed at improving interaction between villagers and the local markets to speed up flow of villager’s products to the markets. Communities will receive support from CC partners and TCO to strengthen their links with local markets. Three families per commune will be selected by communities and gain skills that will benefit their communities with increased communication and exchange with wholesalers, buyers, etc. They will improve their abilities in gathering relevant price and market information, setting up agreements between target group communities and local restaurants, food shops, and market stalls. They will improve their skills on planning and logistics in order to ensure most effective flow of products at prices most beneficial to target group’s members. An advertising and awareness raising component about farmer’s products will be included in this main activity. This will be done through conducting exhibitions and trade fairs. For communes and districts who show interest and commitment these promotions will be supported and strengthened. Provincial level stakeholders will be encouraged to join and provide support to this activity. These exhibitions will open the way to farmers to explore more marketing places for the communities.

Community members, private sector, and actors at provincial level will become more aware of the local agricultural productions. They will have opportunities to coordinate efforts for promoting products of target group members. Exhibitions will be organized two times per year. For the short-term, communities will receive close support for conducting these market fairs but as farmer groups, partner CCs and market networks gain more skills and confidence this support will be decreased. Food Processing In the rural areas there are a lot of raw products that can be processed into processed foods. Most of these processing products such as chilli sauces, soybean sauces, tomato sauce, salted Chinese radish, dried fish, smoked fish etc. but the fruit juice are mostly importing from outside, therefore we plan to establish in two steps First step: Purchasing fruit for testing for 6 months to find out the possibility how to produce

There has been successful research and development work done in the region and the current interest and momentum of the national government led by FiA is poised to support and increase rice field fishery production. Capacity Building: Various approaches will be used such as technical support, training and encouraging participatory decision making. Communities will be invited to conduct livelihood situation analyses in their villages to identify terms of contribution from rice fields for a fisheries investigation. Communities will receive encouragement to form links with CCs and government institutions in order to receive skills training and empowered roles within CFRs research and development. Participation in the Local Planning Process (LPP): Commune Council and CFR committees will be encouraged and supported in the LPP process in order to ensure that their priorities are incorporated into the Commune Investment Plan (CIP). This approach can help empower the communities and ensure sustainability. Improved Access to Quality Seeds Farmers will increase yields and improve harvests when they have better access to good quality seeds. In addition to receiving training on how to select good seeds, farmers will join in discussion on how to improve access to quality seeds for each commune. Action plans that are feasible and sustainable and have commitment and agreement with farmers will be supported. This will lead to a dependable supply of quality seeds established in target communes in order to improve farmer’s access to good seeds. Farmers who are interested will be able to receive trainings in order to increase their knowledge on producing and storing good quality seeds. Marketing Network The lack of market information and communication between wholesalers, farmer producers and consumers discourage farmers to diversify or rotate their crop production. Solving some basic marketing issues will be a strategy aimed at improving interaction between villagers and the local markets to speed up flow of villager’s products to the markets. Communities will receive support from CC partners and TCO to strengthen their links with local markets. Three families per commune will be selected by communities and gain skills that will benefit their communities with increased communication and exchange with wholesalers, buyers, etc. They will improve their abilities in gathering relevant price and market information, setting up agreements between target group communities and local restaurants, food shops, and market stalls. They will improve their skills on planning and logistics in order to ensure most effective flow of products at prices most beneficial to target group’s members. An advertising and awareness raising component about farmer’s products will be included in this main activity. This will be done through conducting exhibitions and trade fairs. For communes and districts who show interest and commitment these promotions will be supported and strengthened. Provincial level stakeholders will be encouraged to join and provide support to this activity. These exhibitions will open the way to farmers to explore more marketing places for the communities. Community members, private sector, and actors at provincial level will become more aware of the local agricultural productions. They will have opportunities to coordinate efforts for promoting products of target group members. Exhibitions will be organized two times per year. For the short-term, communities will receive close support for conducting these market fairs but as farmer groups, partner CCs and market networks gain more skills and confidence this support will be decreased. Food Processing In the rural areas there are a lot of raw products that can be processed into processed foods. Most of these processing products such as chilli sauces, soybean sauces, tomato sauce, salted Chinese radish, dried fish, smoked fish etc. but the fruit juice are mostly importing from outside, therefore we plan to establish in two steps First step: Purchasing fruit for testing for 6 months to find out the possibility how to produce

Exhibitions will be organized two times per year. For the short-term, communities will receive close support for conducting these market fairs but as farmer groups, partner CCs and market networks gain more skills and confidence this support will be decreased. Food Processing In the rural areas there are a lot of raw products that can be processed into processed foods. Most of these processing products such as chilli sauces, soybean sauces, tomato sauce, salted Chinese radish, dried fish, smoked fish etc. but the fruit juice are mostly importing from outside, therefore we plan to establish in two steps First step: Purchasing fruit for testing for 6 months to find out the possibility how to produce

Improved Access to Quality Seeds Farmers will increase yields and improve harvests when they have better access to good quality seeds. In addition to receiving training on how to select good seeds, farmers will join in discussion on how to improve access to quality seeds for each commune. Action plans that are feasible and sustainable and have commitment and agreement with farmers will be supported. This will lead to a dependable supply of quality seeds established in target communes in order to improve farmer’s access to good seeds. Farmers who are interested will be able to receive trainings in order to increase their knowledge on producing and storing good quality seeds. Marketing Network The lack of market information and communication between wholesalers, farmer producers and consumers discourage farmers to diversify or rotate their crop production. Solving some basic marketing issues will be a strategy aimed at improving interaction between villagers and the local markets to speed up flow of villager’s products to the markets. Communities will receive support from CC partners and TCO to strengthen their links with local markets. Three families per commune will be selected by communities and gain skills that will benefit their communities with increased communication and exchange with wholesalers, buyers, etc. They will improve their abilities in gathering relevant price and market information, setting up agreements between target group communities and local restaurants, food shops, and market stalls. They will improve their skills on planning and logistics in order to ensure most effective flow of products at prices most beneficial to target group’s members. An advertising and awareness raising component about farmer’s products will be included in this main activity. This will be done through conducting exhibitions and trade fairs. For communes and districts who show interest and commitment these promotions will be supported and strengthened. Provincial level stakeholders will be encouraged to join and provide support to this activity. These exhibitions will open the way to farmers to explore more marketing places for the communities. Community members, private sector, and actors at provincial level will become more aware of the local agricultural productions. They will have opportunities to coordinate efforts for promoting products of target group members. Exhibitions will be organized two times per year. For the short-term, communities will receive close support for conducting these market fairs but as farmer groups, partner CCs and market networks gain more skills and confidence this support will be decreased. Food Processing In the rural areas there are a lot of raw products that can be processed into processed foods. Most of these processing products such as chilli sauces, soybean sauces, tomato sauce, salted Chinese radish, dried fish, smoked fish etc. but the fruit juice are mostly importing from outside, therefore we plan to establish in two steps First step: Purchasing fruit for testing for 6 months to find out the possibility how to produce

Solving some basic marketing issues will be a strategy aimed at improving interaction between villagers and the local markets to speed up flow of villager’s products to the markets. Communities will receive support from CC partners and TCO to strengthen their links with local markets. Three families per commune will be selected by communities and gain skills that will benefit their communities with increased communication and exchange with wholesalers, buyers, etc. They will improve their abilities in gathering relevant price and market information, setting up agreements between target group communities and local restaurants, food shops, and market stalls. They will improve their skills on planning and logistics in order to ensure most effective flow of products at prices most beneficial to target group’s members. An advertising and awareness raising component about farmer’s products will be included in this main activity. This will be done through conducting exhibitions and trade fairs. For communes and districts who show interest and commitment these promotions will be supported and strengthened. Provincial level stakeholders will be encouraged to join and provide support to this activity. These exhibitions will open the way to farmers to explore more marketing places for the communities. Community members, private sector, and actors at provincial level will become more aware of the local agricultural productions. They will have opportunities to coordinate efforts for promoting products of target group members. Exhibitions will be organized two times per year. For the short-term, communities will receive close support for conducting these market fairs but as farmer groups, partner CCs and market networks gain more skills and confidence this support will be decreased. Food Processing In the rural areas there are a lot of raw products that can be processed into processed foods. Most of these processing products such as chilli sauces, soybean sauces, tomato sauce, salted Chinese radish, dried fish, smoked fish etc. but the fruit juice are mostly importing from outside, therefore we plan to establish in two steps First step: Purchasing fruit for testing for 6 months to find out the possibility how to produce

First step: Purchasing fruit for testing for 6 months to find out the possibility how to produce Second step: Provide training to local producer one person /village to train for fruit juice producers. The products will be sold in

Second step: Provide training to local producer one person /village to train for fruit juice producers. The products will be sold in local market The processed products can use for family consumption and sale to the markets and communities. Through these activities farmers can save some money, time and improve their capacity on marketing network and contribute to the rural economics. Improved Small Infrastructure/ Irrigation Systems Agriculture production is low in the target areas due to seasonal droughts and low rainfall. To boost the production these areas support will be provided to communities willing to contribute to repairing existing and constructing new irrigations systems including dams, wells, small ponds, etc. Repair to these systems and construction of new ones are included in almost all commune development plans. Increased access to water will ensure successful outcome for agriculture production. Any other agricultural job opportunities that can emerge from these infrastructures will be studied and supported where there is commitment from the community. Farmer health will improve with increased access to water. Negative impacts of drought will be mitigated. Communities will receive support for developing water user groups and this can lead them to form solidarity by collaboration and sharing water resources. The communities to be targeted for receiving support to improve water resources will generally be those located far distances from any water sources. For implementing the infrastructure activities, CC partners and their subcommittees and village leaders will generally take the following process: conduct project feasibility study (cost effectiveness, greatest numbers of poorest benefit including women, potential environmental impacts, etc). CC partner procurement committees will join with TCO staff to ensure accountable and transparent process beginning with a transparent bidding process for each project and inviting all relevant local contractors to participate. Sufficient cross checking systems will ensure that financial management is transparent and correct. Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Our expected outcome is to reach 80% of the targeted families to have access to use BSFs properly while 60% of the target villagers are able to practice and to be aware of the hand washing process and 80% of the target villagers have access to pump wells, latrines and Cement ring wells. According to the WASH strategy released by Dr. Mao Saray, Head of Rural Water Supply Department, Ministry of Rural Development, in the WASH dissemination strategy of Feb 2013, rural people will have improved water up to 50% in 2015 and 100% in 2025 while 100% of latrine use and behavior change for hygiene and sanitation in 2015. Our objectives are as follows: 1. To provide access to water for water filtration and increasing agriculture production focusing on health improvement and quality of life respectively. 2. The poorest are engaged in the community development activities and are enhancing food security and improving household incomes through saving groups/self-help groups. Studies show that people are more likely to treat water if they understand the relationship between water and health and have some knowledge of safe water practices (Kraemer and Mosler, 2010; Brown et al., 2007). However many people in the developing countries do not understand the relationship between water and health. Traditional norms, and beliefs that diarrhea is not a disease or that it is caused by supernatural powers, are often mentioned by implementers as reasons for the lack of demand. Other implementers have found that people believe that since they have been drinking the water for a long time, they have immunity and do not need to treat it (Heri and Mosler, 2008; Graf et al., 2008; Clasen, 2009). Research also found that if we invest $USD 10.00 into Water, sanitation and hygiene, $USD 20.00 will be returned. Microfinance: An introduction of a practical simple saving process will be made to every saving group of the villages. The group members will carry out of reducing from 100 Riels daily for family expenses to enable saving ability of each per month. An existence of transparent accounting systems will be formulated be assure between the members trust and confidence. The

Improved Small Infrastructure/ Irrigation Systems Agriculture production is low in the target areas due to seasonal droughts and low rainfall. To boost the production these areas support will be provided to communities willing to contribute to repairing existing and constructing new irrigations systems including dams, wells, small ponds, etc. Repair to these systems and construction of new ones are included in almost all commune development plans. Increased access to water will ensure successful outcome for agriculture production. Any other agricultural job opportunities that can emerge from these infrastructures will be studied and supported where there is commitment from the community. Farmer health will improve with increased access to water. Negative impacts of drought will be mitigated. Communities will receive support for developing water user groups and this can lead them to form solidarity by collaboration and sharing water resources. The communities to be targeted for receiving support to improve water resources will generally be those located far distances from any water sources. For implementing the infrastructure activities, CC partners and their subcommittees and village leaders will generally take the following process: conduct project feasibility study (cost effectiveness, greatest numbers of poorest benefit including women, potential environmental impacts, etc). CC partner procurement committees will join with TCO staff to ensure accountable and transparent process beginning with a transparent bidding process for each project and inviting all relevant local contractors to participate. Sufficient cross checking systems will ensure that financial management is transparent and correct. Water Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Our expected outcome is to reach 80% of the targeted families to have access to use BSFs properly while 60% of the target villagers are able to practice and to be aware of the hand washing process and 80% of the target villagers have access to pump wells, latrines and Cement ring wells. According to the WASH strategy released by Dr. Mao Saray, Head of Rural Water Supply Department, Ministry of Rural Development, in the WASH dissemination strategy of Feb 2013, rural people will have improved water up to 50% in 2015 and 100% in 2025 while 100% of latrine use and behavior change for hygiene and sanitation in 2015. Our objectives are as follows: 1. To provide access to water for water filtration and increasing agriculture production focusing on health improvement and quality of life respectively. 2. The poorest are engaged in the community development activities and are enhancing food security and improving household incomes through saving groups/self-help groups. Studies show that people are more likely to treat water if they understand the relationship between water and health and have some knowledge of safe water practices (Kraemer and Mosler, 2010; Brown et al., 2007). However many people in the developing countries do not understand the relationship between water and health. Traditional norms, and beliefs that diarrhea is not a disease or that it is caused by supernatural powers, are often mentioned by implementers as reasons for the lack of demand. Other implementers have found that people believe that since they have been drinking the water for a long time, they have immunity and do not need to treat it (Heri and Mosler, 2008; Graf et al., 2008; Clasen, 2009). Research also found that if we invest $USD 10.00 into Water, sanitation and hygiene, $USD 20.00 will be returned. Microfinance: An introduction of a practical simple saving process will be made to every saving group of the villages. The group members will carry out of reducing from 100 Riels daily for family expenses to enable saving ability of each per month. An existence of transparent accounting systems will be formulated be assure between the members trust and confidence. The

Our objectives are as follows: 1. To provide access to water for water filtration and increasing agriculture production focusing on health improvement and quality of life respectively. 2. The poorest are engaged in the community development activities and are enhancing food security and improving household incomes through saving groups/self-help groups. Studies show that people are more likely to treat water if they understand the relationship between water and health and have some knowledge of safe water practices (Kraemer and Mosler, 2010; Brown et al., 2007). However many people in the developing countries do not understand the relationship between water and health. Traditional norms, and beliefs that diarrhea is not a disease or that it is caused by supernatural powers, are often mentioned by implementers as reasons for the lack of demand. Other implementers have found that people believe that since they have been drinking the water for a long time, they have immunity and do not need to treat it (Heri and Mosler, 2008; Graf et al., 2008; Clasen, 2009). Research also found that if we invest $USD 10.00 into Water, sanitation and hygiene, $USD 20.00 will be returned. Microfinance: An introduction of a practical simple saving process will be made to every saving group of the villages. The group members will carry out of reducing from 100 Riels daily for family expenses to enable saving ability of each per month. An existence of transparent accounting systems will be formulated be assure between the members trust and confidence.

The bottom up decision-making process is preferable and in the form of democracy as well as the group the majority of members of the specific group will elect leaders. An effective managerial structure and leadership will be organised through the democratic way. Every member and leading person will be appropriately trained and effective mechanism will be clarified to them of how the association will work. Training Support to Farmers Group Leaders and Associations: As the CBET, Village Association project were established, there will be leaders who emerge among them, the key leaders involved in coordinating with the market system, water resources, and other natural leaders. This project will use as a main vehicle the village groups of farmers for implementing all activities. The leaders of these groups will need training in group facilitation, leadership skills, bookkeeping and similar areas in order to ensure smooth and sustainable functioning of the groups. As villagers become more involved in agriculture activities and begin to link their groups and activities within villages and across their communes they may start to form committees or CBOs to represent their interests to CCs, district service providers, and other stakeholders. Leaders of these larger groups will also receive support.

Solutions

An ideal candidate is one who is knowledgeable about practical agricultural matters and able to offer helpful ideas and suggestions to TCO team.

Required: Applicant must be working towards a degree in agriculture and be familiar with methods of successfully growing most crops* on a small but sustainable scale. Applicant must be familiar with various fertilizers, pesticides and irrigation methods (all of which would need to be replicated by villagers with minimal resources). Applicants must be flexible, patient, motivated, self-directed and culturally sensitive. He/She must be capable of overcoming setbacks and frustrations typical of working in a developing country, and also be able to work well in both field and office environments.

* Crops grown in the past include cucumber, lettuce, bitter melon, chili pepper, cabbage, cauliflower, tomato, pumpkin, potato, water spinach, long bean and green garlic in addition to various tropical fruit trees.

Preferred: Applicant should have strong knowledge of tropical (monsoon) climate and be able to manipulate conditions to the advantage of the project. S/he should be familiar with the events of Cambodia’s turbulent past. Master’s degree candidates are preferable to Bachelor’s candidates, but both are acceptable and encouraged to apply.

You can help

Address: Sala Kanseng village, Svay Dangkum commune, Siem Reap, province
Phone: 012 943 110

Email: tco.srp@gmail.com

chanrattana@hotmail.com

 

Website: www.tcocambodia.org

Contact Person: Mr. UNG Chanrattana

 

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